William Bradford Institute
for Study of the
Early Settlement of America

The Spiritual Feelings of Believers and Hypocrites Compared

by Ralph Erskine

The Difference between the Pleasant Spiritual Impressions peculiar to true
Believers, and those which Hypocrites may have in the Ways of Religion.
1. True and saving impressions are sociable; they accompany one another and go
hand in hand together: for example holy fear does not cast out love nor love
cast out fear: holy triumph in the Lord does not take away trembling at his
presence; nor holy trembling take away triumph: joy does not destroy godly
sorrow for sin; nor godly sorrow remove spiritual joy: faith does not destroy
repentance; nor repentance destroy faith: the man's humility does not destroy
his boldness before God; nor his boldness of access destroy humility. His low
thoughts of himself does not destroy his high thoughts of Christ; nor his high
thoughts of Christ destroy his low thoughts of himself: his self-diffidence does
not destroy his holy confidence; nor his holy confidence destroy
self-diffidence. Nay, instead of destroying one another, they advance and
harmoniously help and forward one another.Whereas the hypocrite's joy destroys
his sorrow; his faith and false confidence destroys and excludes his repentance;
his fear destroys his love; and his pretended love to God destroys his fear of
him: one good impression he has, destroys another; they cannot keep company
together. Whereas spiritual impressions in believers excite and quicken one

2. True and saving impressions are unlimited and unstinted; the good frames of
hypocrites stinted and limited; insomuch that they rest satisfied without their
attainments: so far they go, and reckon they need go no farther, if they think
they have so much as will keep them out of hell, or bring them to heaven.
But true believers have restrained measures of grace: whatever holy impressions
are made upon them, they still desire more, and more, and more; pressing after
consummate perfection: "I count not myself to have apprehended; but this one
thing I do, forgetting those things that are behind, and reaching forth unto
those things that are before, I press toward the mark, for the prize of the high
calling of God in Christ Jesus," Phil. 3:13.3. True and saving impressions are
habitual impressions; they are like the believer's daily bread: though a man be
not always eating or drinking, yet the taking of food for the nourishment of the
body, is a man's daily habitual activity: so though the believer be not always
under a divine impression, or in a spiritual frame of mind, but has his
variations, yet he is habitually in this activity; and if any days pass wherein
he is destitute of these meals, they are to him as days of famine, and spiritual
scarcity; his soul pines and languishes, and is uneasy for the lack of what it
would be according to his desires. Whereas hypocrites can be quite easy in the
lack of these things, without ever giving a longing look towards the Lord for
his returning to them. But the believer dies when he experiences penury and
deprivation: these are his melancholy days, his sighing days, till he recover
all again, by the Spirit of the Lord returning, and reviving his heart, and
restoring his soul. It is true, the established believer learns, in the absence
of perceptible enjoyments, to live by faith on the Son of God indeed, but still
that faith gives many a long look for the Lord's returning to its sweet and
sensible embraces.

4. These impressions, in believers, are not only habitual, but natural. If the
hypocrite can have any such impressions, they are not natural to him, they are
not his element; he has no new nature corresponding thereto: and therefore he
cannot endure to be long under any good and spiritual impressions because his
carnal unrenewed recoils against it. His carnal mind, being enmity against God,
and he is content that the impressions be gone. But to a child of God, these
impressions are natural: they are his new nature, his element; they are like the
very breath of his new nature; natural to his sanctified part, as breath is to
his body: yea, so natural to him, that they are like a part of his life, and the
removal of them is like death to him: and hence, when under these sweet and
heavenly impressions, he is disposed to give, as it were, a charge to all the
world, to beware of disturbing him, and bereaving him of his joy: "I charge you,
O daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes and by the hinds of the field, that you
stir not up nor awake my Love till he please," Song 2:7.

In a word, the hypocrite and the godly differ as clock in their motions and
affections, as the motion of a clock differs from the sun; the one moves by art,
the other by nature: the hypocrite's motions and impressions are like artificial
clockwork, under the influence of the common operations of the Spirit, working
upon him by some outward means and providences: but the impressions of believers
are natural, under the influence of the Spirit dwelling in them: and whatever
secondary purposes outward providences and ordinances may have for advancing
them, yet they are the fruits of the special operation of the Spirit that is in
him, "as a well of water springing up to eternal life." So that their
impressions differ as much as a land flood, that quickly dries up, being only
maintained with rain from the clouds, differs from a living spring, which is
never altogether dried, even when the flood is abated.


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