William Bradford Institute
for Study of the
Early Settlement of America

Christ is the Life of Believers

by Thomas Brooks

When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him
in glory.Col. 3:4.

The apostle, in the verse before, tells them that their 'life is hid with Christ
in God.' These saints might object: but when shall that hidden life be revealed?
When shall that life of glory be manifested? He answers in the text: 'When
Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in
glory.' The words do speak out the time when the glorious life of believers
shall be manifested, and that is, when Christ shall appear in glory. I have in
some other place observed from these words this pointnamely, that the Lord
Jesus Christ is the life of believers.

'When Christ, who is our life, shall appear.' Life here is, by a metonymy, put
for the author of life.

We have shewed that Jesus Christ, he is first the author of a believer's
spiritual life. In the 14th of John, 'I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life,'
(ver. 6.)

Secondly, Jesus Christ, he is the matter of a believer's spiritual life in John
6:48, 'I am the bread of life.' The original hath it more elegantly, egw eimi o
artoV thV zwhV, 'I am the bread of that life,' that is, of that spiritual life
of which before the Lord Jesus Christ had spoken.

Thirdly, Jesus Christ is the exerciser and actor of the spiritual life of
believers: John 15:5, 'Without me ye can do nothing.' The original is, cwriV
emou, seorsim a me; [Calvin, Cameron, &c.] separate from me, or apart from me,
ye can do nothing, &c.

Fourthly, The Lord Jesus Christ, he is the strengthener and the cherisher of a
believer's spiritual life, Ps. 138:3, 'In the day when I cried, thou didst
answer me, and strengthen me with strength in my soul.'

Lastly, The Lord Jesus Christ, he is the completer, he is the finisher of the
spiritual life of a saint, Heb. 12:2; Phil. 1:6. We have opened this point, and
have made several uses of it. There were one or two things that we could not
reach nor speak to when we treated upon this subject; I will only mention them,
and so I pass to that special point that I intend to speak to at this time.

Is the Lord Jesus Christ a believer's life? To pass by what we have further
spoken upon this pointthis same, by way of use, doth serve to bespeak all
believers not to repent of anything they have done, or suffered, or lost, for
the Lord Jesus. Oh, is the Lord Jesus Christ a believer's life? Why, then, let
no believer be disquieted, nor overwhelmed and dejected, for any loss or for any
sorrow or suffering that he meets with for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake. What a
base and unworthy spirit is it for a man to be troubled and disquieted in e
himself for anything that he shall do or suffer for his own natural life! Oh,
Jesus Christ is thy life; do not say this mercy is too dear for Christ, nor that
comfort is too great for Christ. Christ is the life of a believer: what wilt
thou not do for thy life? The devil hit right when he said, 'Skin for skin, and
all that a man hath will he give for his life.' Oh, what should a man then do
for Jesus Christ, who is his life! You noble hearts whose particular God hath
come near in this sad loss, remember this, that Christ is a believer's life;
Christ is that glorious champion's life. Therefore be not over-whelmed, for
doubtless he is now triumphing in the love, in the light, in the goodness, and
in the glory of him who is his life. Let the sense of this sad loss kindly
affect you, but let it not discourage you.

But, secondly, If the Lord Jesus Christ be a believer's life, then this serves
to bespeak all believers highly to prize the Lord Jesus. Oh, it is this Christ
that is thy life; it is not thy husband, it is not thy child, it not this or
that thing; neither is it this ordinance or that, that is a believer's life. No;
it is the Lord Jesus Christ that is the author, that is the matter, that is the
exerciser, that is the strengthener, that is the completer, of a believer's
life. You prize great ones; the Lord Jesus Christ is greathe is King of kings,
and Lord of lords. You prize others for their wisdom and knowledge: the Lord
Jesus hath in himself all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, Col. 2:3. You
prize others for their beauty: the Lord Jesus Christ is the beautifullest of ten
thousand, Cant. 5:10. You prize others for their usefulness: the Lord Jesus
Christ is the right hand of a believer, without which he can do nothing. The
believer may say of Christ as the philosopher .said of the heavens, Tolle
coelum, nullus eroTake away the heavens, and I shall be nobody; so take away
Jesus Christ, and a believer is nobodynobody to perform any action, nobody to
bear any affliction, nobody to conquer corruption, nobody to withstand
temptation, nobody to improve mercies, nor nobody to joy in others' grace. Oh,
prize Jesus Christ!

Again, Consider the Lord Jesus Christ doth highly prize you; you are as the
apple of his eye; he accounts you his fulness; you are his jewels; therefore
prize him who sets such a high price on you. But I hasten to what I intend

In the last place, Remember a Christ highly prized will be Christ gloriously
obeyed. As men prize the Lord Jesus Christ, so they will obey him. The great
reason why Jesus Christ is no more obeyed, is s because he is no more prized.
Men look upon him as a person of no worth, no dignity, no glory; they make
slight of him, and that is the reason they are so poor in their obedience to
him. Oh, if the sons of men did but more divinely prize Christ, they would more
purely, and more fully, and more constantly obey him. Let this bespeak all your
hearts highly to prize the Lord Jesus, who is your life. But I shall pass from
this, to that point that in order to this occasion I shall now speak to: 'When
Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye appear also with him in
glory.' The observation that I shall speak to at this time is, that believers
shall at last appear glorious.

It is a very choice point, and a useful point, in order to the present
providence. I shall not be long in the doctrinal part, because the application
is that that I have my eye most upon. The scriptures that speak of this truth I
will but name them; at your leisure you may read them: Judges 15:14; 1 Cor.
15:43,44,51-55; 1 Thes. 4:13, seq.; Mat. 19:26-28. These scriptures clearly
speak out this truth, that the people of God shall at last appear glorious.
The reasons of this point, why they shall appear glorious, are these as follow.
They shall appear glorious:

1. First of all, because that day is a day of solemnity; it is the marriage-day
of the Lamb. I may allude to that passage, Rev. 19:6-8. It is true, believers in
this life, they are spiritually married to the Lord Jesus; but this marriage is
not celebrated till this day, when the saints shall appear in their glory. God
the Father hath put off the celebration of this glorious marriage to this last
day, when believers' mourning garments shall be taken off, and their glorious
robes shall be put on; when God himself shall, as a Father, be more fully and
gloriously present among all his children; whenas he shall have all his
attendants visible, I mean his angels, which now are not visible, in that
spiritual marriage between his Son and believers.

2. A second reason that believers at last shall appear glorious, is this,
because they shall all appear at the last as kings crowned. Here believers are
kings elected, but at that last day they shall all appear as kings crowned. Here
believers have a crown in reversion, but at the last they shall have a crown in
possession; the Lord will set it upon their heads: 2 Tim. 4:7,8, 'I have fought
the good fight of faith, I have finished my course; henceforth is laid up for
me'the Greek word apokeitai, is 'safely laid up'' a crown of glory which he
shall give me at that day.' I have now, saith he, a crown in reversion; but at
that day I shall have it in possession; then it shall be set upon my head, and
then angels and devils and murderers shall say, 'Lo! here is the man that God is
pleased to honour.'

3. Then a third reason why believers at the last shall appear glorious, is for
the terror and the horror of all ungodly wretches that have opposed, persecuted,
and murdered them. They shall appear glorious for the greater torment of such
ungodly souls. Oh, there is nothing that will make sinners in that great day
more to tear their hair, to beat their breasts, to wring their hands, and to
gnaw their own hearts, than this, when they shall behold those advanced and
those appearing in their glory, whom they have slighted, and despised, and most
treacherously murdered, here below. I doubt not but there are some base,
unworthy spirits here; but let them know that there is a day coming when the
saints shall appear in glory, and then the mangled ones and this thrice-worthy
champion shall appear among the rest, to the terror, horror, and confusion of
these murderous wretches that have brought the guilt of his blood upon them. It
will be with you and with all ungodly wretches as it was with Haman: he, like an
ungodly wretch, had plotted and contrived the destruction of the Jews; he had
sold them, as it were, to bondage, tyranny, and slavery; but ,the Lord wheels
things gloriously about, and Haman comes to the sting, (Esther 6): saith the
king to him, 'What shall be done to the man whom the king is pleased to honour?'
Saith he, 'Let the king's horse be brought, and glorious robes put on him, and
let the chief nobles of the kingdom lead him and proclaim before him, Thus shall
it be done to the man whom the king is pleased to honour.' 'Go,' saith the king,
'and do thus to Mordecai.' But mark, (ver. 11), 'Then took Haman the apparel and
the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the
streets of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done to the man
whom the king delighteth to honour; but Haman hasted to his house, mourning and
having his head covered.' This is but an emblem of the carriage of wicked men,
when they shall behold the saints of God, his glorious worthy ones, in their
glory at this great day. Then shall they, with Haman, have their heads covered,
which was a sign of shame and confusion of face.

And it will be with all such ungodly wretches as it was with Belshazzar: Dan.
5:5,6, 'In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over
against the candlestick upon the plaster of the wall of the king's palace: and
the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. Then the king's countenance was
changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were
loosed, and his knees smote one against another.' Just thus shall it be with
ungodly wretches, that oppose and murder and destroy the righteous ones. Oh!
when they shall see them in gloryas when he saw the handwriting, his
countenance was changed, his thoughts were troubled, his loins were loosed, and
his knees dashed against one anotherthus shall it be when the saints shall
appear in glory: therefore they at last shall appear glorious, to the terror,
horror, and inexpressible confusion of all ungodly, bloody wretches.

4. A fourth reason why they shall appear glorious at last, is, because their
glorious appearance at the last will make much for the honour and glory of the
Lord Jesus. The more glorious the body is, the more it makes for the glory of
the head: the more glorious the bride is, the more it makes for the glory of the
bridegroom: for the glory of his power, wisdom, fulness, and goodness; and
therefore they shall appear glorious.

5. Then, again, they shall appear glorious at the last day, that there may be
some suitableness between the head and the members. Oh, what an uncomely thing
would it be to see the head to be all of fine gold, and the hands of iron, and
the feet of clay! What an uncomely thing would it be to see the bridegroom in
all his glorious apparel, and the bride in her rags, or her mourning clothes!
The Lord will have it so, that his people at last shall appear glorious, that
they may be suitable to their glorious head, unto their precious bridegroom.
It is true, when Christ came first, he came clothed with flesh, and was looked
upon as one that had no form nor comeliness nor beauty, that men should desire
him, Isa. 53:2,3. And such a state was the church in to whom he came. Oh! But
now when he shall appear 'the second time, without sin, to salvation,' then he
shall appear glorious; and so shall all his saints, that there may be a
suitableness between the members and the head, between the bride and

6. And then, again, another reason why believers shall appear glorious, is,
because that is the very time wherein the most wicked shall justify the goodness
and mercy of God in his dealings towards his own people. Oh, here many say with
those in Job 21:15, 'What profit is there in serving of God?' Who would be as
those men are, to carry their lives in their hands? Who would run through so
many miseries; and all for others? 'What profit is there in honouring of God?'
Mal. 3:14. It is a strong affirmation that there is no profit. They are ready to
say, when they look upon the sorrows, miseries, and evils that attend the saints
in this wilderness, that it is madness and folly to walk holily as they walk,
and to do righteously as they do. Isa. 59:15, 'Truth faileth, and he that
departeth from evil maketh himself a prey,' or a proverb, as the original hath
it. Oh, the world accounts them a company of mad, foolish people that refrain
from evil. But God will have his people at last appear glorious, that the mouths
of ungodly wretches may be stopped, that they may justify God in his goodness
and mercy towards his own people. When they shall see those that they accounted
monsters and wonders of the world, men not worthy to live in the world, when
they shall see crowns set on their heads, and glorious robes put on their backs,
oh how will ungodly men gnash teeth, and say, Oh! we thought them fools and
madmen, that thus waited on God, and walked with God; but now we see ourselves
the only fools, the only mad ones, that have turned our backs on God, and kicked
at God, and that have said, 'There is no profit in serving of God.' Therefore
the saints shall appear glorious at the last.

7. Then, the last reason why they shall appear glorious,is, because they shall
be employed about glorious work: 1 Cor. 6:2,3, 'Know ye not that the saints,
shall judge the world?' Nay, he goes higher, 'Know ye not that the saints shall
judge the angels?' There is a day coming when the saints shall judge the world.
They shall be employed in a glorious work. Therefore they shall appear glorious;
for the work in which they shall be employed shall be glorious. They shall sit
as so many fellow judges with the Lord Jesus Christ, to say Amen to the
righteous sentence that Christ shall pass upon all treacherous and bloody
murderers. O ungodly souls, the day is coming when those that now you have
persecuted, murdered, and destroyed, they shall sit upon thrones and shall judge
you; they shall say Amen to that glorious sentence that Christ at the last day
shall pass upon you. There is a day coming when all those that have rejoiced in
the fall of this worthy, and those treacherous wretches that had a hand in this
unparalleled butchery, when they shall hold up their hands at the bar of God's
tribunal. There is a day a-coming when the saints shall appear glorious, and
this worthy among the rest, to pass a righteous sentence upon such unrighteous,
bloody wretches. That is another reason why they shall appear in glory, because
they shall be employed in a glorious service, in judging the wicked world,
however they have been scoffed at and despised here.

The use of the point is the main thing I shall speak to. Is it so that the
saints at last shall appear glorious?

1. First, This serves to bespeak the people of God to be glorious. Oh that you
would strive to be glorious now, who at last shall appear so glorious! Oh that
your words might be more glorious, that your thoughts of God might be more
glorious, that your conversations might be more glorious, that your actings
towards God and man might be more glorious! The day is coming, O blessed souls,
whenas you shall appear glorious! Oh that you would labour now to shine in
glory, who at the last shall transcend the sun in glory! But I shall hasten to
that which I chiefly intend, and that is this: Is it so that believers at last
shall appear glorious? Then,

2. Second, This serves to bespeak all believers to do gloriously whiles you are
here, for you shall appear glorious. In this I shall endeavour these three

First, To lay down some motives to move you to do gloriously here, who shall
appear glorious in heaven.

Secondly, We shall shew when a man may be said to do gloriously.

Thirdly, I shall lay down some directions and helps to enable you while you are
here to do gloriously; and so proceed to other things that remain.

1. For the first, to move you to do gloriously, methinks here is a motive, that
at last you shall be glorious. But to engage you a little, consider these four
or five things to move you to do gloriously:

First, Consider the Lord hath done already very gloriously for you; therefore do
you gloriously for God. God hath done very gloriously for you. He hath made your
ugly inside glorious, and he hath made your ugly outside glorious: Ps. 45:13,
'The king's daughter is all glorious within, and her raiment is of embroidered
gold.' God hath pardoned you gloriously, God hath justified you gloriously, God
hath fenced you against corruption gloriously, God hath strengthened you against
temptations gloriously, God hath supported you under afflictions gloriously, God
hath delivered you from the designs and plots of treacherous, murderous
wretches, gloriously and frequently. Oh, how should this engage all Christians
to do gloriously for God, that hath already done gloriously for them!
[2] But then, in the second place, To move you to do gloriously, consider that
the greatest part of the world doth basely and wickedly against God; therefore
you have the more cause to do gloriously for God: 1 John 5:19, 'The whole
world,' saith he, 'lies in wickedness,' in malignity. The world lies in
troublesomeness. The word ponhrw signifies a desire, a study and endeavour to
work wickedness, a working wickedness; and in such a wickedness the world lies,
and the greatest part of the great ones of this world do basely and wickedly
against God. Oh the treachery and apostasy, oh the neutrality and impiety, oh
the facing about of the great ones of this age! O believers, you had need to do
gloriously, for great and small, honourable and base, do treacherously; and
therefore this should engage you to do more gloriously. Oh, the more base and
vile any are, the more glorious should the saints be!

[3.] Then, in the third place, Consider this, the more gloriously you do for God
here, the more glorious you shall be hereafter. Suffering saints for Christ
shall have weighty crowns set upon their heads. Murdered saints for Christ shall
have double crowns set upon their heads. The more gloriously any man doth for
Christ here, the more glorious that man shall be hereafter: 2 Cor. 9:6, 'As a
man soweth, so shall he reap. He that soweth sparingly shall reap sparingly; but
he that soweth liberally shall reap liberally;' 2 John 8, 'Look to yourselves,
that ye lose not the things ye have wrought, but that ye receive a full reward.'
There is a reward in Scripture, and a full reward. The more glorious any soul is
in doing for God here, the more glorious that soul shall be hereafter: Mat.
19:27,28, 'We have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have? Verily,'
saith Christ, 'you that have done this, shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging
the twelve tribes of Israel.' Look, Christians, the more gloriously any man doth
for God here, the more comfort and peace and joy that man hath on this side
heaven, which is but an earnest of that happiness, of that glorious good and
sweetness that the soul shall have when he shall appear in his glory. It is not
the slight Christian, the light, loose, talking Christian, that hath much joy
and peace, and the most full discoveries of God here, but the most
glorious-doing Christian, the most acting soul; and the more gloriously any man
doth for God here, the more joy and peace and comfort he shall have, which is
but a pawn of that glorious joy and goodness which at last he shall receive.
[4.] And then, fourthly, To move you to do gloriously for God, you that shall be
glorious at the last, consider this, the greatest part of your time you have
spent foolishly and in ways of vanity against God. Oh, that time that is behind
to spend gloriously, it is very, very little; which should bespeak you to do
gloriously for God that little, little time that is allotted you. The apostle
hath one argument, 1 Peter 4:3,6,7 compared, 'For the time past of our life may
suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in
lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable
idolatries,' &c. 'For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that
are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live
according to God in the spirit. But the end of all things is at hand; be ye
therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.' He tells them that the greatest part of
their time was spent vainly; and in ver. 7 he tells them that the time behind
was short. Upon this consideration he presseth them to do glorious things in the
latter part of ver. 6. But 'live according to God in the spirit,' oh what is
that but to live gloriously, to do gloriously?

[5] Then, lastly, Consider this to move you to do gloriously for God: if you do
not gloriously for God, none in the world can do gloriously for God; if you do
not, none in the world will. Consider this, you that are believers. Of all
persons in the world, you have the greatest cause to do gloriously for God; for
God hath done more for you than for all the world besides. You have not only the
greatest cause to do gloriously for God, but you have the choicest principles to
enable you to do gloriously for Godas knowledge, and wisdom, and power, and
faith, and zeal. And as you have the choicest principles, so you have the
sweetest experience to engage you to do gloriously for God. How hath God knocked
at your doors when be hath passed by the doors of thousands! How hath free grace
saluted you, when wrath hath broken forth upon thousands! How hath God dandled
you on his knee, when he hath trampled others under his feet! What is this but
to engage you to do gloriously for God? If you do not, none in the world will do
gloriously. And what a sad thing it is that God should make a world, and not a
soul in the world to do gloriously for God, that hath made such a glorious
world! So much by way of motive to move you to do gloriously.

2. The second thing I am to speak of is, When a man may be said to do
gloriously. Haply some soul may say, We are satisfied that we shall appear
glorious at last, and we would do gloriously; but when may a soul be said to do

I answer: A soul may be said to do gloriously, first, when their doing lies
level with the glorious rule; when men do suitable to a glorious rule. Those
thoughts are glorious thoughts that are suitable to a glorious rule, and those
words are glorious words that are suitable to a glorious rule, and those actions
towards God and man are glorious actions that are suitable to a glorious rule.
But this is too general. Therefore, secondly, and more particularly, men do
gloriously whenas they do such things that others refuse to do, that others have
no heart to do, that others are afraid to do for God. Oh, to do this is to do
gloriously. As David, when he engaged with Goliath, he did gloriously; others
were afraid to do it, others had no heart to do it. So when men engage for God
when others are afraid to engage, when others dare not engage, they shall lose
the smiles of this man, and procure the frowns of that; there is a lion in the
way. So men turn off the work. It is too hard, saith one; it is too high, it is
too rough, it is too dangerous, say others. Now to do gloriously is to do that
that others refuse to do, and that others have not hearts to do. And in this
respect this thrice-honoured champion hath done gloriously. The mountains that
he hath gone over, the difficulties that he was engaged in, were known to
thousands in this kingdom. Many worthies have done worthily for this unworthy
kingdom, and this worthy hath excelled many of them. And then, in the third
place, men do gloriously when they hold on in the way of God, and in the work of
God, notwithstanding all discouragements that befall them. When men serve their
generation, not-withstanding the discouragements that do or may befall them,
blow high or blow low, rain or shine, let men smile or frown, do what they will
against their persons or actions, yet for a soul to hold on and to serve his
generation, against all and notwithstanding all the reproaches and dirt and
scorn and contempt that is thrown on them, is to hold on in the way of God; this
is to do gloriously. Thus God enabled this worthy, and many other worthies in
the kingdom, in the House [of Parliament], and in the army, to do gloriously
against all discouragements and storms and projects of ungodly wretches. It was
the glory of the church: Ps. 44:17-19, 'Though thou hast sore broken us in the
place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death, yet we have not dealt
falsely with thee; our heart is not turned back, neither have our steps declined
from thy ways.' Oh, you have a generation that pretend much for God while they
may gain by the bargain honour and riches and great places and the like; but
when God brings them through the valley of darkness, that they meet with
discouragements and difficulties, they throw away the bucklers, and will be no
more for God, but fire about, and prove treacherous to church and kingdom. It
was the glory of David, and it was a glorious speech of his in Ps. 57:Saith
David, ver. 4, 'My soul is among lions, and I lie even among them that are set
on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows, and their
tongue a sharp sword. They have prepared a net for my steps; my soul is bowed
down; they have digged a pit before me.' Mark, what was the courage of this
worthy one? He met with discouragements. Doth he grow treacherous, and give
back? No: 'My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed.' Macon, that is here
rendered 'fixed,' is a Hebrew participle that signifies firm, constant, and
established; and he geminates it, 'my heart is firm, constant, and established,'
even then when his soul was among lions. He doth not now play the apostate and
shake hands with the ways of God. No. But 'my heart is fixed.' Now a man doth
gloriously when he keeps to God and his truth, and serves his generation,
not-withstanding all discouragements that are thrown upon him.

I need not tell you what discouragements this noble champion met with from
malignant pens, spirits, and tongues; but through all God carried out his spirit
that he was able to do his master's work and to serve his generation, till he
had finished that work that God had for him to do.

It is nothing for a man to serve his generation when he hath wind and tide on
his side, and all the encouragements that the heart of man can desire; but it is
the glory of a Christian, and then he doth gloriously, to be faithful in his
generation against all discouragements. Therefore, honoured commanders and
worthy members of the House of Commons, for you to do gloriously is to hold out
against discouragements and to serve your generation. Though your soul may be
amongst lions, and you live among them that are set on fire, as the psalmist
speaks, yet say as he saith in that psalm, 'Our heart is fixed, our heart is
fixed in God, we will sing and give praise.' Fixed stars are most useful, and so
are fixed souls to church and state.

Then in the fourth place, Men may be said to do gloriously, when the end of
their doings is the glory of God and the general good. O Christians, now you do
gloriously. Those spirits will never do gloriously that make themselves the end
of their actions, that make the advancing of any particular interest the end of
their actions. This is not to do gloriously. Parliament-men, and soldiers, and
Christians, then do gloriously, when the glory of God and the general good is
the end of all their doings. But if it be yourselves, to save your own necks,
and to advance your own designs, and to bring in this and that, these are base,
unworthy actions, and God will so demonstrate them before angels and men. To do
gloriously is to make the glory of God and the general good the end of all your
doings. Then you do gloriously indeed, when you can centre and rest in the glory
of God and the general good. It is a base and unworthy spirit when men make
themselves the end of their actions, and the advancing of such or such a
particular interest the end of their actions, and not the glory of God and the
general good of his people.

And then again, fifthly, Men do gloriously when they rejoice under sufferings
that befall them for Christ: not only to bear sufferings but to joy under
sufferings, to rejoice under all afflictions and troubles that may befall them
for Jesus Christ. So the apostle, 2 Cor. 7:10, saith he there, 'I take pleasure
in infirmities, in reproaches, necessities, in afflictions, for Christ.' The
original word, dio eudokw, that is rendered 'I take pleasure,' is an emphatical
word. It signifies the infinite delight and contentment he did take in the
afflictions and persecutions that befell him. It is the same word that God the
Father useth to express his unexpressible delight in his Son, Mat. 3:17, 'This
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased'or rather, as the original has it
more elegantly, 'This is that, my Son, that my beloved, in whom I am infinitely
delighted and contented.' The same word the apostle useth to express his delight
in afflictions and persecutions for Christ. So those in Acts 5:41, 'They went
way rejoicing that they were accounted worthy to suffer for Christ.' O
Christians, this is to do gloriously, for a man to rejoice that he hath an
estate to lay out for Christ, that he hath a life to lay down for Christ, that
he hath a tongue to speak for Christ, that he hath a hand to fight for Christ.
This is to do gloriously, to rejoice in anything: we suffer for Christ, and in
all sorts of sufferings and doings for Christ.

Then again, Men do gloriously, mark this, when they appear for the people of
God, and side with the people of God, notwithstanding any evil and danger that
may befall. Come what come can, yet they will appear for the people of God, and
side with the people of God. This is to do gloriously, when come what come can,
I will fall in with the the saints, and be one with them that are one with God.
As Esther, when they were in a sad condition, and Haman had sold them to be
butchered and mangled by ungodly wretches: 'Well, I will go to the king,' saith
she, though there was a command that none should, 'I will venture my life; if I
perish, I perish.' Now she did gloriously. So Nehemiah: 'Shall such a man as I
flee?' Shall I desert the saints, and turn my back on the saints? No; I will
appear for them, and side with them, I will not desert them. So David's father
and his brethren: 1 Sam. 22:1, 'David therefore departed thence, and escaped to
the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and his father's house heard it, they
went thither to him.' They did not stand disputing: we have estates to lose, and
if Saul know that we join with David, and have taken part with him, we shall
lose our heads, and lose our estates. The politicians of our times are wise:
they will say they wish the saints well, but they dare not, they will not side
with them. Ah, wretches! God will save his glory and the honour of his name, and
will deliver the righteous, and leave such to deliver themselves.

God can shift well enough for his honour and for his people, and leave such
wretches in a shiftless condition. So good Onesiphorus: Paul speaks of some, 2
Tim. 1:13,14, &c., that played the apostates; ver. 15, 'This thou knowest, that
all they which are in Asia are turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and
Hermogenes.' They played the apostates, and when he was to answer, left him to
shift for himself. They would own him when all was clear overhead; but when he
was in trouble they fall off. But Onesiphorus, he stands by him, and the apostle
commends it for a glorious cause, and commends him in a particular manner to
God: 'Oh that God would double his mercy on him; the Lord grant that he may find
mercy of the Lord in that day; and in how many things he ministered unto me thou
knowest; and he was not ashamed of my chain.' There were base spirits that were
ashamed of his chain, that were ashamed to side with and to own Paul; and this
world is full of such base spirits. Now this is to do gloriouslyfor a man to
appear and side with the saints, let what will come of it. Thus Moses did very
gloriously: Heb. 11:25, 'He chose rather to suffer afflictions with the people
of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season.' But ah! Lord, in how
few hearts does this brave spirit of Moses breathe!

O noble hearts, would you do gloriously? To do gloriously is to appear for the
saints, and to side with the saints, let the issue be what it will. Oh, it is a
sad and a base thing in those that have appeared for and sided with the saints,
but now face about and prove treacherous, and leave the poor saints to shift for
themselves! But it is their comfort that they have a God that will shift for his
people and his own glory. And as Mordecai said to Esther, chap. 4:14, 'If thou
wilt not stir, the Lord will bring deliverance to his people some other way.' So
if parliament-men, and those that have power, do not appear and side with the
saints, deliverance will come another way; but they and their father's house may
perish. And therefore remember to do gloriously is to appear for them; and not
to appear for the saints is to betray them, and so it shall be brought in on the
day of account.

Then again, in the next place, To. do gloriously is to do justice, and that
impartially. Then men do gloriously when they do justice impartially upon high
and low, honourable and base, father and son, kinsman and brother; and not to
dispute, this is a near kinsman, and that is my father, and the other is my
brother, and that the one is too great and the other is too mean for justice,
this is inglorious. The basest and unworthiest spirits on earth cannot do more
basely; there is nothing of the power of the Spirit or heavenly gallantry in
such. It is said, Ps. 106:30,31, 'Then stood Phinehas, and executed judgment: so
the plague was stayed. And that was accounted to him for righteousness to all
generations for ever.' Oh this executing of justice impartially, how it makes
the names of persons to live from generation to generation! If so be that the
powers of this world would have their names immortal, so graven that they should
never be wiped out, let them do justice. This is that Phinehas was admired for;
it was 'accounted to him for righteousness, to all generations for evermore.'
And then, lastly, Men do gloriously when they believe the promise and rest on
the promise, notwithstanding that providence seems to cross the promise. It is
nothing, it is not to do gloriously, for a man to believe, and to love, and the
like, when the promise is made good, when God is a-smiling and in a giving way;
but to do gloriously is to believe the promise, to stay upon the promise, when
providence in our apprehension crosseth the promise. In this respect, Abraham
did very gloriously; he believed the promise though providence seemed to cross
the promise. 'I will give thee a son,' saith God. Abraham was old, and Sarah was
stricken in years; and yet Abraham believed, and this was such a glorious piety
as God hath put it upon record. This faith of Abraham so takes God that he
swears with joy, Gen. 13:16, 17, 'That in blessing I will bless thee.' So it was
with Moses: Num. 10:29, 'And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the
Midianite, Moses' father-in-law, We are journeying unto the place of which the
Lord said, I will give it you come thou with us, and we will do thee good; for
the Lord hath spoken good concerning Israel.' Mark, what could he promise in the
wilderness, where the Lord exercised those poor wretches with judgment upon
judgment, with misery upon misery, and one calamity upon the neck of another?
Moses was confident in the promise of God, that God would do Israel good, and he
adventured to engage Hobab on that consideration; 'Come, go along with us; the
Lord hath spoken good, and we will do thee good.' I am confident, though
providence cross the promise, and God seems to be angry, and to chide, and
frown, and strike, and destroy, yet he will make good his promise, and he will
do thee good. Oh, this is to do gloriously, to believe the promise when
providence crosseth it. Do you see heaven frown, and things to work cross to
those promises that respects the joy, glory, liberty, and the exaltation of the
saints? Doth providence work cross to the promise? Now do gloriously, believe
the promise, rest in the promise; let heaven and earth meet, devils and men
combine; let men play the apostates, and turn neuters, and prove treacherous, I
will rest on the promise, suck sweetness from the promise. Though all
providences seem to cross it, and heaven seem to work contrary to it, I will
say, I will stay upon the promise; this is to do gloriously. So much for the
second thing.

Ay, but some souls will say, we see we shall be glorious, and we are willing to
do gloriously; and we see reasons why we should do gloriously; but what
directions and helps are there that we may do gloriously?

First, If you will do gloriously, there are some things that you must be careful
to take heed of.

Secondly, There are others which .you must labour to practise.

[1.] If you will do gloriously, seeing hereafter you shall be glorious, in the
first place, whatever you do, take heed of unbelief. There is nothing in the
world that more hinders men from doing gloriously, than unbelief. All other
miscarriages and weaknesses have not such an influence upon the heart, to hinder
it from doing gloriously, as unbelief. As it is said of Christ concerning them
in Mat. 13:58, 'He did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief.'
Unbelief, as it were, tied the hands of Christ'He could not do many mighty
works because of their unbelief.' If men would do glorious things, take heed of
that: unbelief ties the tongue; it causeth a damp to fall upon the heart, and
binds the hands, that a man hath no tongue to speak for Christ, nor heart to act
for Christ, nor hand to strike for Christ. Unbelief spoils all the strength and
power by which we should be serviceable to God. What water is to fire, that
unbelief is to the soul; therefore as you would do gloriously, take heed of

[2.] Secondly, As you must take heed of unbelief, so, if you would do
gloriously, consult neither with the tempting nor with the persecuting world.
What hinders many men from doing gloriously, but consulting with the tempting or
the persecuting world? This hath overthrown many. Nay, what hinders men in our
age from doing gloriously? They are consulting with flesh and blood, with the
tempting world and the frowning world. This hinders men from doing gloriously. I
cannot believe but if parliament-men, and others in power and authority, did not
look too much upon the tempting world when it smiles and holds forth her
beautiful breasts, upon the ugly face of the world when it frowns and threatens,
but that they would act more gloriously for God, and for the general good, and
for the advancing of the name of the Most High in these days we live in.

[3.] If you would do gloriously, look off from the tempting world it is a plague
and a snare; and look off from the frowning world, it will discourage you;
consult not with flesh and blood, with carnal reason. Looking upon the tempting
or the frowning world will damp the most gallant spirits in the world, and
hinder them from doing any noble service for God or his saints. And therefore,
as ever you would do gloriously, look not on the tempting or on the persecuting
world; look not upon it when it smiles or when it frowns; but remember you have
a God to look at, a Christ to look at, and a crown to look at; that is better
than all, that is more than all other things to your souls.

[4] Then, again, If you would do gloriously, whatever you do, take heed of base,
selfish ends, take heed of self-love. There is nothing under heaven that will
disable a man more from doing gloriously, than a base spirit of self-love; such
a man will never do gloriously. It may be, when he hath the wind and tide on his
side, he may do something that vain men may account glorious; but this man will
never do that which God and the saints call glorious, and count glorious. That
base, selfish spirit, that looks no higher nor no further than self, it will
never do gloriously. It may be fit for treachery, neutrality, and apostasy, but
never to do gloriously.

Now as you must avoid these things so that you may do gloriously, in the next

[1.] First, Labour for internal spiritual knowledge of God. Oh, there is a great
deal of notional light in the world! But if men did know God internally, if they
did know God more in the mystery and light of the Spirit, if they did know God
more from union and communion with God, it were impossible but they should do
more gloriously. That is a brave text: Daniel 11:32, 'And such as do wickedly
against the covenant shall be corrupted by flatteries.' Mark the latter words,
'but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.' Oh I
take one that knows God internally, mystically, and spiritually, from union, and
from being taken into heavenly communion with God, and he will act bravely and
strongly for God. Alas I take a Christian that hath merely sucked in notions,
and is only able for discourse, but hath no internal experimental knowledge of
God, you shall never find him guilty of doing exploits, of doing glorious things
for God and his saints. No! 'the people that know God,'he speaks of the
internal, spiritual knowledge of God, of knowledge in the mystery;and thus to
know him will enable a man to do exploits, to do glorious things. Oh, if God
would raise up parliament-men, and men in the army, and in the city, and round
the kingdom, to more internal knowledge, to more spiritual acquaintance with
himself, we should find that they would do abundantly more gloriously. But it is
for lack of an internal, spiritual know-ledge of God that men are treacherous,
and base, and unfaithful, and prove apostates, and neuters, and anything. As you
would do glorious and honourable things, look to this, that you have an internal
knowledge and spiritual acquaintance with God, and this will enable you to do

And, then, If you would be enabled to do gloriously, in the second place, you
should look upon those examples and worthies that have gone before you, and have
done gloriously. So the apostle, Heb. 12:1, when he would press them to do
gloriously, he presseth them into this consideration of those glorious worthies
that had gone before 'Having therefore such a cloud of witnesses, let us run
with patience the race that is set before us,' chap. 12:1. Look to the cloud of
witnesses, in chap. 11; that is another means to help us to do gloriously.
Another is this, If you would do gloriously, then keep your evidences for glory
always bright and shining; do not soil your evidences for glory. What made them
take joyfully the 'spoiling of their goods,' Heb. 10:34, but this, that they
knew in themselves that they had in heaven a better and more enduring substance?
When a man's evidence is bright, that he can run and read his title to heaven,
his interest in God, and the glory above, then will he be strong to do exploits;
this will enable a man to do gloriously.

Then, again, If you would do gloriously, look to faith; give faith scope, give
it elbow-room to work. Faith is a noble grace, and will ennoble the soul to do
gloriously for God. Faith is that that will carry a man over all difficulties;
faith will untie all knots; it will carry a man through the valley of darkness,
though it be never so long; and over mountains of difficulties, though they be
never so high. Faith will not plead 'there is a lion in the way,' and that such
and such men will frown if I do this or that for God and the general good. Faith
will carry a man bravely over all. You know that story in Hebrews 11; you have
several instances of the saints doing gloriously. But what enabled them? It is
all along attributed to faith. By the power of faith they did gloriously: they
stopped the mouths of lions; they turned to flight the armies of the aliens;
they waxed valiant in fight; they refused to be delivered,and all by the power
of faith. Oh! faith will enable men to do gloriously. If parliament-men, and men
in the army, and in the city, and round the kingdom, did believe more
gloriously, they would do more gloriously for God, in their relations and
places, than now they do. It springs from want of faith that things work thus
basely. Did men believe more gloriously, things would work more gloriously.
Therefore, when things work crossly, blame not so much this or that instrument,
but blame thy own unbelieving heart; for glorious faith will see a smiling
Father beyond a dark cloud. Though men are at a loss, yet God is not at a loss,
says faith; and though the arm of man be weak, His arm is strong, says faith;
and though the work be too hard for the arm of flesh, too hard for an army or
parliament, it is not too hard for God, says faith. Faith carries a man
gloriously through all. If you would do gloriously, abound in faith, let faith
have elbow-room. I shall say no more of this. Though there be other directions,
I will rather leave them.

Is it so, that the saints shall be glorious? Then this serves, in the next
place, by way of use, for singular comfort and consolation. Shall the saints at
last appear glorious? It speaks singular comfort to all believers, against all
the reproaches, and contempt, and scorn that they may meet with in this world.
What though you be scorned, and one saith this, and another saith that? Here is
your comfort: you shall appear glorious. What though this worthy's body be
mangled here and there by bloody butchers? Yet this body shall appear glorious
at the last. What a singular comfort is it! The apostle makes the same use from
the same consideration: 1 Thes. 4:15, 'We that are alive and remain shall not
prevent them that sleep: for the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a
shout, with the voice of the archangel, and the trump of God: and the dead in
Christ shall rise first. Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up
together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall
ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words.' Let the
wife comfort herself with these, the brother, the kinsman, the friends of this
worthy that now lies in the dust mangled. Oh, comfort yourselves with this
consideration, that he shall appear glorious at last, with the rest of the
glorious renowned saints! And so this may comfort us against all reproaches, and
scorns, and contempts that men throw upon us: and what though the glory of the
saints is now hid by prevailing distempers, and afflictions, and poverty? Yet
here is your comfort, the day is coming when your glory will break out, when
your rags shall be taken off, and your glorious robes put on, when God will wipe
away all the dirt and filth that hath been thrown on you by vain spirits.
Therefore bear up, brave hearts! There is a day coming when you shall appear
glorious, and it will be but as a day before that day overtake you.
Then, again, If the saints at the last shall appear glorious, then it bespeaks
all, in the last place, to long for that day. You shall at the last appear in
glory. Oh then long for that day; cry out with the church, 'Come, Lord Jesus,
come quickly:' cry out again with the church in Solomon's Song, 8:14, 'Make
haste, my beloved;' or as the original has it, berach dovdi, 'Flee away
speedily, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains
of spices.' Will you remember these two things, to engage you to be much in
longing for this day, wherein the saints shall appear in glory. Divers things
might be said, but I shall reduce all to two things.

Till this day your happiness will not be complete, therefore long for it. Till
the saints shall appear glorious, all will be incomplete; your comforts, your
graces, your enjoyment of God, and of that glory that he hath provided. Till
this glorious day your glory will be incomplete; therefore long for the day
wherein all shall be complete.

Secondly, Till then the innocency of the saints shall not be fully cleared: that
is another thing. Oh! Long for that day wherein the saints shall appear in
glory, for till then the innocency of the saints shall not be fully cleared. Now
I say, the devil and wicked men throw much dirt on them, and reproach and revile
them, and what not, and something of that will stick; but let this bespeak all
such to long for that day wherein all dirt, scorn, and filth shall be wiped off,
wherein God will clear the righteousness, integrity, and innocency of his
saints. Therefore seeing the saints shall appear glorious, be not discouraged,
however you appear in the world to the eye of men. Now you are strangers, far
from your Father's house; but it will be but as a day before the trumpet sound
and the angels shall gather you, before the robes of glory shall be put on, and
your mourning clothes shall be taken off, and the glorious crowns put on your
heads, and your happiness shall be complete. Long for this day; for this will be
a day indeed of refreshing from the Lord. I shall say no more to this point, but
earnestly desire that God would please to make it take impression on your
spirits. The saints shall appear glorious. Oh let it be our glory, while we are
here, so to walk as they that expect to appear glorious another day!

As for this thrice-honoured champion now in the dust: for his enjoyment of God,
from my own experience, being with him both at sea and land, I have abundance of
sweetness and satisfaction in my own spirit, which to me exceedingly sweetens so
great a loss. I shall not speak of the wife's loss, nor the brother's loss, nor
the army's loss; for the loss of this worthy is a loss to the kingdom, and if
they are not in a sad, sinful sleep, they will say so. And, indeed, it is with
me, I ingenuously confess, as it was with him who, when he was demanded what God
was; he desired three days' consideration to give an answer, and when those days
were expired, three more; and then he gives this answer, 'That the more he
thought of him, the further he was from discovering of him.' The more I think of
the gallantry and worth of this champion, the further off I am from discovering
his worth. I think he was one of whom this sinful nation was not worthy; he was
one of whom this declining parliament was not worthy; he was one of whom those
divided, formal, carnal, gospellers was not worthy. He served his generation
faithfully, though he died by the hand of treachery. I am fully satisfied, with
many more, that he is now triumphing in glory; and it will be but as a day
before he shall see his enemies stand at the bar. For my own part, I can truly
say that, to the best of my memory and understanding, I have not observed that
the hearts of the people of God have been so generally and eminently affected
with the loss of any worthy, as with the loss of this worthy; no, not for any
worthy that hath fallen since the sword was drawn, though many precious worthies
have fallen upon the ground; which strongly speaks out the love of the people of
God to him, and their honourable esteem of him. They honoured him in his life,
and they shewed no small respect to him in death. He was a joy to the best, and
a terror to the worst of men. But for my part I should rather choose, I
ingenuously confess, if it were possible, to weep over him with tears of blood,
than to trouble you further with relating his gallant service for the good of
this sinful kingdom.

We will cease from saying anything more of him, and sit down satisfied and
joying in this, that the day is coming when the saints shall appear glorious;
and with that we will refresh and cheer our spirits as with a cordial, that
there is a day coming when we with this deceased worthy shall appear glorious.
And it will be but as a day before our robes shall be put on our backs, and
crowns set on our heads. I have now done; and so shall commend you 'to God and
to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an
inheritance among all them which are sanctified,' [Acts 20:32.]


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