William Bradford Institute
for Study of the
Early Settlement of America

Fourteenth Sermon on 2 Thessalonians Chapter Two

by Thomas Manton

Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved
us, and given us everlasting consolation, and good hope, through grace, comfort
your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.2 Thes. 2:16,17.

THE apostle1. Giveth thanks for their election and vocation, vers. 13, 14.

2. Exhorteth them to stick fast to the truths delivered by epistles, or word of
mouth, ver. 15.

3. Prayeth for them, in the words now read. So that is the third means of
confirming their faith in the truth of the gospel; prayer to God for them. Now
in a prayer all things are plain; we must put off our shoes when we draw nigh to
God, appear before the Lord with naked and bare feet. Therefore here nothing of
difficulty will occur; our prayers, the more simply and plainly they are
expressed, the more sincere they are.

In this prayer observe:

1. The persons to whom this prayer is addressed: now our Lord Jesus Christ
himself, and God, even our Father.

II. The grounds of audience and success are intimated, which are two:(1.) God's
love: which hath loved us. (2.) The pledges of his love; which are also
two:First, Without us; Secondly, Within us.

1. He hath given us everlasting consolation.

2. Good hope through grace.

III. The blessings prayed for.

1. Increase of comfort: comfort your hearts.

2. Perseverance or establishment: and stablish you in every good word and work;
where, by 'every good word' is meant the sound doctrine of the gospel; by 'every
good work,' holiness of life.

So that here is a great harvest of matter, but we must gather it in by degrees,
for all cannot be spoken of at once.

First, We begin with the persons to whom the prayer is addressed; 'Now our Lord
Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father;' that is, I beseech the Lord our
Saviour, and God our Father, to comfort and stablish you. The observations for
this branch shall be brief and short, because the proper seat of them lieth

I. That exhortations prevail little without prayer. He had exhorted them to hold
fast the traditions, and presently addeth, 'Our Lord Jesus Christ and God the
Father stablish you in every good word and work.' It is good to observe how all
the parts of the apostle's discourse cohere and agree together. He first
blesseth God for their election, and then showeth how it is accomplished by
vocation or effectual calling. Yet the effectually called need quickening and
exhortation, that we may concur to our salvation in that way which is proper to
us. But lest the business should seem wholly to rest upon our will, he carrieth
up the matter to God again by prayer. Election doth not exclude God's means,
which is vocation, nor man's means, which is exhortation; but that availeth
little unless the matter be brought before God again by prayer.

Now this method is necessary:1. Because all from first to last come from God;
he is Alpha and Omega, first and last; all things are from him, through him, and
to him. The business began with God in his election, and is still carried on
through God, not only by effectual calling, but actual assistance, which giveth
success and blessing; and then the glory of all redoundeth to him.

2. Because what cometh from God must be sought of God Ezek. 36:37, 'I will yet
for this be inquired of by the house of Israel, to do it for them;' compared
with the 26th verse, 'A new heart will I give you, and a now spirit will I put
within you.' We must express our desires to God for things agreeable to his
will, for God will not force spiritual blessings upon us, nor give them to us,
unless we desire them. Some things he gave us unasked, and without our desire,
consent, or knowledge, as a Mediator, a new covenant, or offers of grace, yea,
the first gift of the Spirit; but in other things we are obliged to ask.

3. A great part of man's duty dependeth on prayer seriously performed. There is
nothing so conducible to the maintaining of communion between us and God as a
daily sense of our emptiness, and God's both fulness and readiness to supply all
our wants.

[1.] That it is so, that we are empty, and God is all-sufficient, otherwise
there would not be a foundation for practical godliness. That we are empty: John
15:5, 'Without me ye can do nothing.' Not only nihil magnum (nothing great), but
nihil (nothing). So 2 Cor. 3:5, 'Not that we are sufficient of ourselves, to
think anything as of ourselves, for our sufficiency is of God;' that is, we are
not able to think anything in order to the conversion of other men or ourselves;
we cannot imagine to enter upon this design with any hope of success without
God. That there is a fulness in God to supply all our wants: Eph. 3:20, 'Now
unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above what we can ask or
think;' that is, above what we can imagine and pray for. If any man seriously
address himself to any serious business, he is full of imaginationsmay it be
effected, yea, or no? Alas! God outworketh their thoughts and prayers, and doth
things which never entered into our hearts to conceive. That there is a
readiness in God to supply all our wants, otherwise our prayers would be little
encouraged, and be dead in the mouth. Now James 1:5, 'If any man lack wisdom,
let him ask it of God, who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not.' You
need not make scruple, or be ashamed to consult with God upon every occasion,
for he is ready, and hath not a confined bounty like ours, who waste by giving,
and give from ourselves what we impart to others.

[2.] That without this, communion with God would be interrupted, and all
religion would die and languish; for if we had the stock in our hands, we would
forget and forsake our Father. But when still we must be enabled by God to every
good work, and we cannot have it unless we acknowledge him, and seek it of him
by prayer, this keepeth up a sensible dependence of the creature upon God; this
dependence begets observance, Phil. 2:12; and they that continually receive
their dole and portion from him are obliged to please him in all things.
Use of direction. When you come to wait on the word, or receive here any
quickening exhortation, call God into the business, that the thing may not die
away in your hearts. Make conscience of praying as well as hearing. You bear
from man in God's name, but carry it again to God, that he may bless it. All
religion is carried on between the pulpit and the throne of grace. You will
thrive if you conscientiously make use of both ordinancesif you hear of Christ
in the word, and make use of him in prayer.

II. Observation. That prayer must be made to God alone: Ps. 65:2, 'O thou that
hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come.' The apostle here addresseth
himself to God, and so must all flesh.

1. He alone is capable of hearing prayers. We conceive of God as an infinite
being, wise, powerful, and good; as knowing all things, as able to do all
things, as willing to give all things that we can in reason and righteousness
ask of him.

[1] He knoweth all things, our persons, wants, necessities, prayers. Our
persons: God knoweth that there is such a creature in the world as thou art; for
surely God knoweth whom he hath made, and whom he supporteth and governeth. A
notable instance we have: Acts 9:11, 'And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go
into the street that is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for
one called Saul of Tarsus; for behold he prayeth.' What a description is here of
God's particular providence!the city of Damascus; the street called Straight;
the house of one Judas; the person (a lodger there), one Saul of Tarsus; the
action he was employed in, behold, he prayeth! He knoweth our wants and
necessities: Mat. 6:8, 'Your Father knoweth what things ye have need of before
you ask him.' He observed every weary step of David in the wilderness, and all
his tears and sorrows: Ps. 56:8, 'Thou tellest my wanderings; put thou my tears
in thy bottle: are they not in thy book?' He particularly took notice of all the
troubles and sorrows of his exile arid wandering condition, as if his tears had
been preserved in a bottle, and his troubles registered or recorded in a book.
The doctrine of the Gentiles was, Dii magna curant, parva negligunt that great
and weighty matters the Lord took into his care, but left other things to their
own event and chance; but the doctrine of the scripture is otherwise; God taketh
notice of every particular person. For our prayers: Ps. 34:6, 'This poor man
cried unto the Lord, and the Lord heard him, and saved him out of all his
troubles.' How obscure soever the worshipper be in the account of the world, if
he depend on God, the Lord will regard him.

[2] For his power. He is able to do all things: Mark 14:36, 'Abba, Father, all
things are possible to thee.'

[3] For his goodness. He relieveth all his creatures; heareth the moans of the
beasts, much more the prayers of the saints: Ps. 145:15, 16, 'The eyes of all
things wait upon the Lord, and thou givest them their meat in due season,' &c.
Now this he makes a ground of 'fulfilling the desires of them that fear him, and
being near to all that call upon him,' vers. 18, 19. He that feedeth a kite,
will he not provide for a child? Surely we have more reason to trust in God than
they, if you think this belongeth to his common bounty. But in spiritual things
it is otherwise; he is most pleased when we ask spiritual blessings: 1 Kings
3:10, 'It pleased the Lord that Solomon asked this thing.' Well, then, since
none other is capable, and God is, to him must we come.

2. The scriptures, which are the proper rule of worship, direct us to no other.
When Christ taught his disciples to pray, he directed them to God: Luke 11:2,
'When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven.' Invocation is divine
worship, and so done to God alone.

3. When the Spirit moveth us to pray, he inclineth us to come to God: Rom. 8:15,
'Ye have received the Spirit of adoption, where-by we cry, Abba, Father;' Gal.
4:5,6, 'Because ye are sons, he hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your
hearts, crying, Abba, Father.' He doth not move us to go to the saints, but to

The use. Well, then, if any trouble befall us, let us call on God, unbosom
ourselves to him: Ps. 50:15, 'Call upon me in the day of trouble, I will deliver
thee, and thou shalt glorify me.' If we want any grace, let us go to the God of
all grace, in the name of Christ: Heb. 4:16, 'Seeing, therefore, we have a great
high priest that is entered into heaven, Jesus the Son of God, let us come
boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help
us in a time of need.' We can pray to none but to him in whom we trust: Ps.
62:8, 'Trust in the Lord at all times; pour out your hearts before him.' Trust
is the foundation of prayer. They that look to God for all will frequently apply
themselves to him. Our necessities and wants are continual, both as to the
temporal and spiritual things. We need not only daily bread, but daily pardon,
daily strength against temptations; therefore let us often come to God.

III. Observation. That Jesus Christ is invoked together with the Father as an
author of grace, and thereby his Godhead is proved; for he that is an object
both of internal and external worship is God. Now such is Christ. Of internal
worship: 'John 14:1, 'Ye believe in God, believe also in me.' Though Christ died
as man, yet he is God equal with the Father, and an object of faith and trust.
For external worship, or prayer, the text is clear: 'Our Lord Jesus Christ, and
God, even our Father.' That is much for the comfort of the faithful, that we
have God to trust in, and Christ to trust in; that we that have sinned with both
hands earnestly, have a double ground of our comfort and hopethe infinite mercy
and power of God, and the infinite merit of a mediator. There is a great
latitude in the object of faith, and so of invocation: 'The Lord Jesus Christ
himself, and God our Father.' There is no pain so great that God in Christ
cannot remove; no danger so dreadful but he can prevent; no misery so deep but
he can deliver from it; no enemy so strong, but he can vanquish them; no want
that he cannot supply. When we have a want that he cannot supply, or a sickness
that he cannot cure, or a danger that he cannot prevent, or a misery that he
cannot remove, or enemies that are too hard for him, then we may sit down and
despair, and die. I speak of both as one, for God and Christ are here joined as
to the same effect 'Comforting their hearts, and stablishing them in every good
word and work.'

IV. Observation. We can obtain nothing from God unless we seek it in Jesus
Christ. Therefore the apostle beginneth his prayer, 'Now our Lord Christ, and
God,' &c. God alone is abundantly enough for our happiness, for there is in him
more than abundantly enough to satisfy all the capacities of the creature; but
without a mediator how shall we come to receive of his fulness? If man had kept
innocent, God had been enough to us, for in innocency there was no mediator; but
to man fallen a mediator is necessary

1. I shall state the necessity of it. Because of distance and difference; we are
unworthy to approach his holy presence; and God hath a quarrel and controversy
with us, which till it be taken up, we can expect no good thing from him.

[1] Distance. We are estranged from God by the fall, and have lost his image,
lost his favour and fellowship, and all communion with him, so that God now is
looked upon by us as out of the reach of our commerce, which hindereth our love
and confidence in him; for we can hardly depend upon one so far above us that he
will take notice of us, or take care for us, so as to relieve us in our
necessities, or help us in our miseries, and give us the blessings we ask of
him; or that we shall be welcome to him, when we come with our prayers and
supplications. God taught the Israelites their distance; and the apostle telleth
us that all that dispensation 'the Holy Ghost did signify, that the way into the
holiest was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was standing,' Heb.
9:8. They could not come near God without danger of death; he would not have
them so familiar with him.

[2.] Difference, or controversy. A mediator is used only between disagreeing
parties. When man was guilty, God was angry. Conscience of sin presents God
terrible, and taketh away all confidence from us, so that we are obnoxious to
his wrath and righteous vengeance: 1 Sam. 6:20, 'Who is able to stand before
this Holy God?' Isa. 33:14, 'And who can dwell with everlasting burnings? 'We
cannot approach God in any friendly manner.

2. I shall show what provision God hath made for us. The Lord Jesus took this
office at God's appointment, of reconciling God to us, and appeasing his wrath,
and us to God, by bringing us back again, our alienated and estranged affections
to God. How so? what hath he done?

[1.] The distance is in truth taken away by his very person. He is God-man; God
and man meet together in the person of Christ. God doth condescend and come down
to man, and man is encouraged to ascend to God. God in Christ is nearer to man
than he was before, that we may have more familiar thoughts of him. The pure
Deity is at so vast a distance from us, that we are amazed and confounded when
we think of it, and cannot conceive an hope that he should concern himself in
our affairs. But the Son of God is come in our nature: John 1:14, 'The word was
made flesh, and dwelt among us;' 1 Tim. 3:16, 'Great is the mystery of
godliness, God manifested in the flesh;' so that he is more accessible to us,
and nearer at hand, and more readily inclined to help us, for he will not be
strange to his own flesh.

[2] The difference and controversy is taken up by the work of his redemption;
for 'God hath set him forth to be a propitiation,' or a means of appeasing his
wrath, Rom. 3:25, and to be the foundation of that new covenant wherein pardon
and life is offered to us. It is not enough to our recovery that God be
reconciled, but man must be renewed, otherwise we remain for ever under the
displeasure of God. Now he hath purchased the grace of the Spirit, to be
dispensed by the covenant, to bring us home to God: Titus 3:5,6, 'Not by works
of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by
the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, which he shed on us
abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 'and Rom. 8:2, 'For the law of the
spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.'
Use. Let us be sensible of this unspeakable mercy, that God hath provided a
Mediator for us, that we may come to God by him: Heb. 7:25, 'Wherefore he is
able to save unto the uttermost all that come unto God through him, seeing he
ever liveth to make intercession for us;' that the legal exclusion is removed,
and a way opened to the Father: John 14:6, 'I am the way, the truth, and the
life; no man cometh to the Father but by me;' otherwise we could not immediately
converse with God, nor trust in him.

1. We see God in our nature as near at hand, and ready to help us; he came down
amongst us, and became one of us; was 'bone of our bone, and flesh of our
flesh.' And though he hath removed his dwelling into heaven again, it is for our
sakes; he hath carried our nature thither, to take possession of that blessed
place in our name, if we have a mind to follow him: John 14:2, 'I go to prepare
a place for you.'

2. Here we see the means of appeasing God's wrath: 2 Cor. 5:19, 'God was in
Christ, reconciling the world unto himself.' There is a full ransom paid; all
that enter into God's peace shall have the benefit of it.

3. By him we are encouraged to come to pray for every blessing we stand in need
of: Eph. 2:18, 'Through him we both have an access by one Spirit unto the
Father.' Liberty to approach unto God is a privilege which we cannot enough
value; the wall of partition between God and us is broken down by Christ; he
hath completely satisfied God's justice, Heb. 10:19. He is now at the right hand
of God interceding for us: 1 Tim. 2:5, 'There is one God, and one Mediator
between God and man, the man Christ Jesus;' and remaineth with God as the great
agent of the saints: Heb. 8:1,2, 'We have such an high priest, who is set on the
right hand of the throne of the majesty in the heavens, a minister of the
sanctuary,' &c. Perfuming their prayers with the smoke of his incense: Rev.
8:3,4, 'And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer,
and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the
prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. And the
smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up
before God out of the angel's hand.'

V. Observation. Mark the distinct titles given to God and the Mediator: Christ
is called our Lord, and God our Father. Let us see what these titles import, of
Lord and Father.

1. Christ is represented to us as the Lord; so he was set forth by the apostles
at the first preaching of the gospel: Acts 10:36, 'We preach peace by Christ
Jesus, he is Lord of all;' 2 Cor. 4:5, 'We preach Christ Jesus the Lord;' Col.
2:6, 'If ye have received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in him.' Christ is Lord
two ways:

[1.] By that right which belongeth to him as Creator, and is common and equal to
him with the Father and the Spirit. Surely the Creator of the world is the
sovereign of it. This right continueth still, and shall continue while man
receiveth his being from God by creation, and the continuance of his being by
daily preservation and providence.

[2] There is novum jus dominii et imperiia new right of empire and government
which belongeth to him as Redeemer, and this accrueth to him:

(1.) Partly by the donation of God: Acts 2:36, 'Let all the house of Israel know
that this Jesus, whom ye have crucified, is made Lord and Christ.' This office
of Lord is derivative, and cannot be supreme, but subordinate; it is derived
from God: 'All power is given to me, both in heaven and earth,' Mat. 28:18; and
it is referred to him: Phil. 2:11, 'That every tongue should confess that Christ
is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.' The supreme right of governing is
still in God, and subjection to him is not vacated, but established and

(2.) It is acquired by his own purchase: Rom. 14:9, 'For this end Christ both
died and rose again, and revived, that he might be Lord both of dead and
living;' 1 Cor. 6:19,20, 'Ye are not your own, for ye are bought with a price;
therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's.' He had
a full right in us before, but this lordship and dominion which the Redeemer is
possessed of is comfortable and beneficial to us, and the end of it is to effect
man's cure and recovery. We could not by our sin make void God's right and title
to govern us; but yet it was not comfortable to us, it was but such a right as a
prince hath to chastise his rebellious subjects. We forfeited our interest in
his gracious protection, therefore was this new interest set afoot to save and
recover fallen man; therefore this lordship is spoken of as medicinal and
restorative, to reduce man to the obedience of God that made him: Acts 10:38,
'God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost, and with power, who went
about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed with the devil.' It is a
lordship that conduceth to make peace between God and man, that we may again
enjoy his favour, and live in his obedience: Acts 5:31, 'Him hath God exalted
with his right hand to be a prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance unto
Israel, and remission of sins.' This new Lord hath made a new law of grace,
which is lex remedians, a remedy propounded for the recovering the lapsed world
of mankind. The great benefit is remission of sins; the great duty, repentance.
Use 1. To persuade us to submit ourselves to this blessed Lord by our voluntary
consent: Ps. 45:11, 'He is thy Lord; worship thou him.' There is a passive
subjection and a voluntary submission. By a passive subjection all creatures are
under the power of the Son of God and our Redeemer; and amongst the rest, the
devils themselves, though grievous revolters and rebels, are not exempted; every
knee is forced to bow to Christ. By voluntary submission: Those are Christ's
subjects, and admitted into his kingdom, who willingly give up themselves to the
Redeemer to be saved upon his own terms: 2 Cor. 8:5, 'They first gave their own
selves to the Lord.' The devils and wicked men are his against their wills; but
all Christ's people are his by their own consent.

Use 2. Let us perform the duties which this title calleth for; our obedience is
the best testimony of our subjection to him. Many seem to like Christ as a
Saviour, but refuse him as a Lord; whereas Christ is not only a Saviour to
bless, but a Lord to rule and command. Therefore if we catch at comforts and
neglect duty, we do not own Christ's authority. The libertine, yokeless spirit
is very natural to all: Luke 19:14, 'We will not have this man to reign over
us;' Ps. 12:4, 'With our tongues we will prevail; our lips are our own; who is
Lord over us?' Ps. 2:3, 'Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their
cords from us.' Some are so in opinion, but most in practice. We would not be
under command; we love privileges, but decline duties. But he is the 'head of
the church' who is 'the Saviour of the body,' Eph. 5:23. If we would have
privileges by him, we must set ourselves to obey his laws. If thou hast no care
to obey him as a lord, thy esteem of Christ is but imaginary, thy knowledge but
partial, thy application of him unsound. But we will own him as lord. How is
that understood? Will you give him an empty title, or some superficial
compliments and observances? Luke 6:46, 'And why call you me Lord, Lord, and do
not the things that I say?' It is a mockery. Or will you please yourselves with
strict opinions Mat. 6:21,22, 'For where your treasure is, there will your heart
be also. The light of the body is the eye; if therefore thine eye be single, thy
whole body shall be full of light; if therefore the light that is in thee be
darkness, how great is that darkness!' No; nothing less than a thorough
subjection to his holy laws, forsaking all other lords: Isa. 26:13, 'O Lord our
God, other lords besides thee have had dominion over us; but by thee only will
we make mention of thy name.' And then a strict observance: Col. 1:11,
'Strengthened with all-might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience
and long-suffering, with joyfulness.'

Use 3. Depend upon Christ for the effects of his love to you, which are the
privileges of his kingdom, which are pardon of sins: Col. 1:14, 'In whom we have
redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our sins.' The sanctification
of the Spirit; Heb. 8:10, 'This is the covenant that I will make with the house
of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their minds,
and write them in their hearts.' Assistance in carrying on the spiritual life;
that here surely our Lord will not desert us, but help us in our obedience to
him. Finally, everlasting life: Heb. 5:9, 'And being made perfect, he became the
author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him: When the devil and his
instruments are cast into hell, Christ's faithful subjects and servants are
advanced into eternal glory and blessedness.

Secondly, God is represented under the title of a father: 'And God, even our
Father.' God is a word of power; Father expresseth his good-will and love. God
standeth in both relations to us, as he did also to Christ: John 20:17, 'I go to
my God and your God, my Father and your Father.' Both joined together signify
his power and readiness to do good. He that is our Father is true God also, and
he that is true God is also our Father; and therefore we may depend on him. That
which we are to open is the term Father, which speaketh both comfort and duty to

1. Comfort. For God's dealing with us will be very fatherly; as a father loveth
his children, so will God love his people: 2 Cor. 6:18, 'I will be a father to
you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord.'

[1.] He will pardon our sins and frailties, and spare us and pity us,
notwithstanding our ill-deservings: Ps. 103:13, 'Like as a father pitieth his
children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him;' Mal. 3:17, 'They shall be
mine, saith the Lord of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels, and I will
spare them as a man spareth his own son that serveth him.' Surely this is a
grace we stand in need of, because of our manifold infirmities and daily

[2.] He will give grace, that we may serve him better: Luke 11:13, 'If ye then,
being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall
your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?' Do but cry to
him, as an hungry child to his father for bread, and God will not deny this
great gift to you.

[3.] God will provide for us, and give such an allowance of temporal mercies as
are convenient: Mat. 6:25, 'Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or
what ye shall drink, nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on;' and ver. 32,
'For after all these things

do the Gentiles seek; for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all
these things.' The belief of adoption and particular providence kills all
distrustful fears and cares at the very root.

[4.] He will protect you and preserve you against temptations
I Peter 1:3, 5, 'Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus
Christ, which, according to his abundant mercy, hath. begotten us again unto a
lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, &c., who are kept
by the power of God through faith unto salvation.'

[5.] He will give you the kingdom: Luke 12:32, 'Fear not, little flock; for it
is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.'

2. On the other side, this relation bespeaketh duty. For if God be a father, we
must carry ourselves as children by our subjection, to him; that is, by
submission to his disposing will, and obedience to his governing will.

[1.] By an absolute submission to his disposing will. For if you would enjoy'
the privileges of God's family, you must submit to the discipline of his family:
Heb. 12:6-9, 'For whom God loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he
receiveth. If you endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons: for what
son is he whom the father chasteneth not? But if you are without chastisement,
whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and riot sons. Furthermore, we
have had fathers of our flesh, which chastened us, and we gave them reverence;
shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live?'
In heaven, where there is no danger of sin, there is no use of the rod; but
while we are in the flesh, we need correction, and if God should not give it us,
we are noJoi, not legitimate, but degenerate sons. But in the 10th verse, the
apostle argueth from God's paternal authority: 'For they verily for a few days
chastened us after their own pleasure, but he for our profit, that we might be
partakers of his holiness.' Children, though they take it ill to be beaten by
others, yet not by their parents, who (under God) are the cause of their being,
and love them, and in correction of them seek their good; much more do we owe
this respect to our heavenly Father, who hath a more absolute right over us.
Parents may err through want of wisdomtheir chastisements may be arbitrary and
irregular; do much in passion rather than compassion; but all God's
chastisements come from purest love, and are regulated by perfect wisdom, and
tend to and end in holiness and happiness.

[2.] Obedience to his governing will. The great duty of children is to love,
please, obey, and honour their father: Mal. 1:6, 'A son honoureth his father,
and a servant his master. If I be a father, where is mine honour? If I be a
master, where is my fear?' 1 Peter 1:14, 15, 'As obedient children, not
fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance. But as he
which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;'
John 15:8, 'Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye
be my disciples.' There should be a great tenderness upon us not to do anything
that may be a breach of God's law, or tend to God's dishonour. What diligent
observers were the Rechahites of the institutions of their family: Jer. 35:6,
'But they said, We will drink no wine for Jonadab the son of Rechab our father
commanded us, saying, Ye shall drink no wine, neither ye, nor your sons for

VI. Observation. They to whom Christ is a lord, to them God is a father. His
special fatherly love floweth in the channel of redemption, and is brought about
by the gospel. The Lord, from all eternity, pre-determinated some to the
adoption of sons: Eph. 1:5, 'Having predestinated us to the adoption of children
by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will.' But how
doth he bring to pass this decree? By the redemption of Christ. It is no mean
privilege, Christians, that needeth so much ado to establish it: Gal. 4:4, 5,
'But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a
woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might
receive the adoption of sons.' Christ came to be the foundation of a new
covenant, before we could have this privilege. Well, but whence ariseth our
actual interest? I answerBy accepting the offer of the gospel, or receiving and
owning Christ to the ends for which he came into the world, or God sent him into
the world: John 1:12, 'But as many as received him, to them gave he power to
become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name;' that is, by
depending on his merits for our reconciliation with God, and submitting to his
laws, that he might reduce us to our primitive obedience and love to them.
Use. Therefore, if you would have a share in this blessed privilege:

1. You must be regenerated by his Spirit; for the relative change dependeth on
the real: our state is not changed till our natures be changed: John 1:12, 13,
'Being born again of the will of God.' If you would enter into God's family, and
enjoy the privileges thereof, you must be changed by the Spirit.

2. There is required on our part an entrance into the kingdom of the Mediator by
faith and repentance: Mat. 18:3, 'Except ye be converted, and become as little
children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of God.' As little children are
newly entered into the world and beginning their life, all things are become new
to them; so those that have the privileges of God's children must become as
little children, enter into a new state, carry on a new life and trade, with
which they were not acquainted before. Our first admission is by a consent to
the new covenant: Gal. 3:26, 'Ye are all made children of God by faith in
Christ;' depending on the merit of Christ's sacrifice, and binding ourselves by
a solemn word to perform the duties required of us, which we renew again in the
Lord's Supper.

VII. That we most comfortably come to God by Christ for grace, when we consider
our interest in him and relation to him. Our relation is here intimated, for
Jesus Christ is our Lord, and God is our Father; and surely our Lord will not
refuse his own subjects, nor our Father be strange to his own children.
1. It is certain that among men relation to any person or thing endeareth them
to us. To ta autwn pasin hdea jiloteknoiV, men love their own children; though
not so fair and good as others, yet they are their own. And is it not so as to
God? See John 13:1, 'Having loved his own that were in the world, he loved them
unto the end; 'and John 17:6, 'I have manifested thy name to the men which thou
gayest me out of the world; thine they were, and thou gayest them me, and they
have kept thy word.'

2. Interest giveth us more encouragement: Isa. 63:19, 'We are thine: thou never
barest rule over them; they were never called by thy name;' that is, we are thy
people, thy subjects, so called, so accounted. That interest giveth some hope
and confidence is evident, because sometimes the saints plead the common
relation that they are the workmanship of his hands: Ps. 119:73, 'Thy hands have
made me and fashioned me; give me understanding, that I may learn thy
commandments.' They will not quit their interest in God; if they cannot come as
his special servants, yet as his creatures, one way or another, they will
entitle themselves to him.

Use. To direct the servants of God, when they ask any grace of him, to bring it
to this still, 'Our Lord and our Father.' But how shall they do so, if they have
no assurance? I answer:

1. There are some titles which imply a claim to benefits and privileges; others
that infer an obligation to duty: these latter may be used without any
usurpation: John 20:28, 'My Lord, and my God.'

2. Resignation of yourselves to him showeth you are his, and in time you will
come to know that he is yours, if you make it good Ps. 119:94, 'I am thine; save
me, for I have sought thy precepts.' Resolve to obey him, and serve him, however
he deal with you. Choice of God for our portion, and Christ for our Lord,
showeth you are resolved to be his.

3. Speak as the covenant speaketh that you are under, till your sincerity be
more unquestionable. God offers himself to be our God, and Redeemer, and Father;
Christ to be our Lord and Saviour: Isa. 63:16, 'Doubtless thou art our Father,
though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O Lord,
art our Father, our Redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.' God offered himself
to be so, and God is angry for not owning it: Jer. 3:4, 'Wilt thou not from this
time cry unto me, My rather, thou art the guide of my youth?'


Promoting a Greater Understanding of the Discovery of the Americas