William Bradford Institute
for Study of the
Early Settlement of America

Why Men Rest in Duties

by Thomas Shepard
The Sincere Convert

Now, the reasons why men rest in their duties are these:
First. Because it is natural to a man out of Christ to do so. Adam and all his
posterity were to be saved by his doing: "Do this and live;" work, and here is
your wages; win life, and wear it.

Hence all his posterity seeks to this day to be saved by doing; like father,
like son. Now, to come out of all duties truly to Christ, is a course hardly to
be expected from a corrupt nature; hence men seek to find something in
themselves. Now, as it is with a bankrupt, when his stock is spent, and his
estate cracked, before he will work for wages, or live upon another, he will
turn peddler of small wares, and so follow his old trade with a less stock: so
men naturally follow their old trade of doing, and hope to get their living that
way; and hence men, having no experience of trading with Christ by faith, live
of themselves. Samson, when all his strength was lost, would go to shake himself
as at other times: so when men's strength is lost, and God and grace are lost,
yet men will go and try how they can live by shifts and working for themselves

Secondly. Because men are ignorant of Jesus Christ and his righteousness; hence
men can not go unto him, because they see him not; hence they shift as well as
they can for themselves by their duties. Men seek to save themselves by their
own swimming, when they see no rope cast out to help them.

Thirdly. Because this is the easiest way to comfort the heart, and pacify
conscience, and to please God, as the soul thinks; because by this means a man
goes no farther than himself.

Now, in forsaking all duties, a soul goes to heaven quite out of himself, and
there he must wait many a year, and that for a little, it may be. Now, if a
fainting man has medicine at his bed's head, he will not go to the shopkeeper
for it. Men that have a balm of their own to heal them will not go to the

Fourthly. Because by virtue of these duties a man may hide his sin, and live
quietly in his sin, yet be accounted an honest man, as the whore in Prov. 7:15,
16, having performed her vows, can entice without suspicion of men or check of
conscience: so the scribes and Pharisees were horribly covetous, but their long
prayers covered their deformities, (Matt. 23:14;) and hence men set their duties
at a higher value than they are worth, thinking they shall save them because
they are so useful to them. Good duties, like new apparel on a man pursued with
hue and cry of conscience, keep him from being known.

Take heed of resting in duties; good duties are men's money, without which they
think themselves poor and miserable; but take heed that you and your money
perish not together. (Gal. 5:3.) The paths to hell are but two. The first is the
path of sin, which is a dirty way. Secondly, the path of duties, which (rested
in) is but a clearer way. When the Israelites were in distress, (Judges 10:14,)
the Lord bids them go to the gods they served: so when you shall lie howling on
your death bed, the Lord will say, Go unto the good prayers and performances you
nave made, and the tears you have shed. O, they will be miserable comforters at
that day.

Objection. But I think you will say, no true Christian man hopes to be saved by
his good works and duties, but only by the mercy of God and merits of Christ.
Answer. It is one thing to trust to be saved by duties, another thing to rest in
duties. A man trusts unto them when he is of this opinion, that only good duties
can save him. A man rests in duties when he is of this opinion, that only Christ
can save him, but in his practice he goes about to save himself. The wisest of
the Papists are so at this day, and so are our common Protestants. And this is a
great subtlety of the heart, that is, when a man thinks he can not be saved by
his good works and duties, but only by Christ: he then hopes, because he is of
this opinion, that when he has done all he is an unprofitable servant; (which is
only an act or work of the judgment informed aright;) that, therefore, because
he is of this opinion, he shall be saved.


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