|Christopher Columbus - The
With 17 ships, 1,200 men and boys including
sailors, soldiers, colonists, priests, officials,
gentlemen of the court, and horses, Columbus set
out on another journey to the west. He left the
port of Cadiz, Spain, on September 25, 1493 aboard
the Mariagalante, his flagship.
His purpose for this trip was to establish
colonies in the name of Spain, to check on his
crew left behind at the fort of Navidad, and to
find great riches in what he believed to be part
of the Far East. After another stop at the Canary
Islands, the fleet of ships left for Hispaniola
and new lands on October 12.
His fleet sighted land on November 3 and
discovered the islands of Dominica, Guadeloupe,
and Jamaica. He was convinced he'd located the
islands just off Japan, but gold and riches were
nowhere to be found. On November 27, Columbus
reached Hispaniola to look in on his crew at
Navidad. After landing, he discovered all his men
dead and the fort destroyed. The Spanish crew had
mistreated the Indians, and the natives retaliated
with violence. Columbus established the first
colony of Santo Domingo and became the governor of
the island. He and his men eventually conquered
the island of Hispaniola after defeating the
Indians in battle in 1495.
Rumors reached Ferdinand and Isabella that he
governed Indian and Spaniard alike with brutality.
Columbus placed his two brothers in charge of the
colony and set sail for Spain on March 10, 1496.
Arriving in Cadiz on July 31, he prepared to meet
with the Spanish monarchs. The king and queen
still favored Columbus despite the bad
a map Columbus's second voyage.
voyage | 2nd
voyage | 3rd
voyage | 4th
voyage | Columbus'